PROVISIONAL TAX FOR INDIVIDUALS: DID YOU KNOW?

Provisional tax is not a separate type of tax but pre-payments on income tax for a specific tax year. The aim of provisional tax payments is to help taxpayers to fulfil their tax responsibilities by spreading tax payments over a tax year. After SARS has assessed a taxpayer for income tax, the provisional tax payments will be set off against the final liability for income tax for a specific tax year.

Underpayment of provisional tax

If a taxpayer did not pay enough provisional tax during the tax year and there is a liability after offsetting provisional tax against income tax due on assessment, the taxpayer will be liable for penalties and interest on underpayment of provisional tax. The table below provides more information on the penalties and interest applicable to the underpayment of provisional tax.

Overpayment of provisional tax

If provisional tax was overpaid, i.e. provisional tax payments were more than the assessed income tax liability for a tax year, the excess amount will be refunded to the taxpayer with interest. Please refer to the table below for more details on overpayment of provisional tax.

Three provisional tax returns per tax year

The provisional tax return/IRP6 must be submitted two or three times per year, depending on the circumstances of the taxpayer.

The following table sets out the deadlines, penalties and interest, and calculations for the different provisional tax payments for the current tax year starting on 1 March 2015 and ending on 29 February 2016.

Please note: the interest rates below are as per the SARS website on 13 April 2015 and subject to change as published in the Government Gazette from time to time.

Description

First provisional tax return – IRP6 (compulsory)

Second provisional tax return – IRP6 (compulsory)

Third provisional tax return – top-up payment – IRP6(3) (optional)

Deadline for submission and payment (if applicable) of IRP6 return

31 August 2015

29 February 2016

30 September 2016

Taxpayer fails to submit provisional tax return (IRP6)

SARS may estimate taxable income and amount of tax payable

N/A

Penalty payable by taxpayer on late payment of provisional tax

10% of amount paid late

Interest payable by taxpayer on late payment of provisional tax

9% per annum on amount paid late

Penalty payable by taxpayer on under-estimated provisional tax

20% of amount under-estimated

Interest payable by taxpayer on under-estimated provisional tax (interest is not tax-deductable)

9% per annum of amount under-estimated



Interest payable by SARS to taxpayer on over-estimate of provisional tax (interest is taxable)

5% per annum on amount over-estimated



SARS’ suggested guidelines for the calculation of provisional tax payments

Half of total tax on estimated taxable income for the tax year

Total tax on estimated taxable income for the tax year

Total tax on estimated taxable income for the tax year



Less: PAYE for the first 6 months of the tax year

Less: PAYE for full tax year (12 months)

Less: PAYE for full tax year (12 months)



Less: Foreign tax credits (if applicable)

Less: Foreign tax credits (if applicable)

Less: Foreign tax credits (if applicable)





Less: First provisional tax payment

Less: First provisional tax payment







Less: Second provisional tax payment



First provisional tax payment due (note 1)

Second provisional tax payment due (note 1)

Third provisional tax payment due

Note 1: If there is not provisional tax due, the IRP6 return must still be submitted.

As can be seen from the above table, provisional tax payments are based on an estimate of the taxpayer’s taxable income. Therefore it is crucial to estimate taxable income and tax-deductible expenses as accurately as possible.

If you need professional assistance with the calculations, submission or payment of any of your provisional tax returns, please do not hesitate to contact our office. Our staff are friendly and knowledgeable and looking forward to the opportunity to assist you.

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your financial adviser for specific and detailed advice.

Reference List:

This article is a general information sheet and should not be used or relied on as legal or other professional advice. No liability can be accepted for any errors or omissions nor for any loss or damage arising from reliance upon any information herein. Always contact your legal adviser for specific and detailed advice.
CMV Group of Companies

Tel : 012 991 4400
Fax : 012 991 3001
Physical: 17 Midas Avenue, Olympus, Pretoria, 0081
E-mail: info@cmv.co.za

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